'A Little Girl is Dead' (1965) written by prolific Jewish-American activist author Harry Golden (May 6, 1902 – October 2, 1981) is a semi-fictionalized book, based upon the historical real-life discovery and events surrounding the Georgia Confederate Memorial Day murder of Mary Phagan in 1913, that eventually lead to the lynching of her convicted killer, Leo Frank, in 1915. This double-strangulation true crime story became widely known at the time as the Leo Frank Case and refuses to gather dust even a century later. More than a dozen books have been written about the subject.
Students of the Frank-Phagan Affair Should Meticulously Fact Check Harry Golden's Books About Leo Frank
Students of law and Southern history should acquire and study the primary sources of the Frank-Phagan affair found in the three Atlanta daily newspapers from April to August of 1913 (Constitution
) and Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence
, for the purpose of fact checking every sentence of Golden's two books about this sensational legal drama (The Lynching of Leo Frank, 1966 and A Little Girl is Dead, 1965). The original Atlanta news reports from 1913 and Leo Frank case legal records are available at www.Archive.org
The Internet Archive. Please study the primary sources of the Leo Frank case and discuss what evidence against Leo Frank did Harry Golden leave out of his books about the case? Publish your research findings on the Internet for peer review and discussion.
Meet Harry Golden (1902-1981)
Harry Golden was an ex-con who served time in prison after he became a convicted felon for committing very serious acts of interstate mail fraud, lying and cheating numerous unsuspecting people living across many different regions of the United States over several years. Harry Golden was a prominent Jewish activist writer known for his varying degrees of contradictory anti-Gentile racism circa mid 20th century. Look for examples of Harry Golden's subtle racism directed toward European-American Gentiles in his other books, and publish your findings on the Internet for peer review and discussion. Begin by focusing on his books about the Leo Frank case for these clues and answers.
Research Project on Harry Golden's Anti-Gentilism
Harry Golden promulgate the well organized Jewish communities perspective of the case that Leo Frank was an innocent and noble Jew framed by conspiratorial anti-Semites. Find examples in Harry Golden's books of him using false evidence, fabrication, rumor or manipulation to support his conclusions. Publish your research findings on the Internet for peer review and discussion.
Accuracy and Reliability of Harry Golden's Research
Golden dramatizes the retelling of Mary Phagan's murder discovery and investigation that lead to the indictment, conviction and hanging of Leo Frank with a mixture of fact and fabrication. This is not a book of subtleties, the author is clearly biased in favor of Leo Frank and against the State of Georgia's prosecution team. Golden, portrays Dorsey as a hollywoodized diabolical cartoon character, vilifying him as a kind of unscrupulous sociopathic rogue district attorney who manipulates and manufactures evidence against Leo Frank for political ambitions.
Research: Study the official records of the case and evidence against Leo Frank and think about what would motivate Harry Golden to vilify Hugh Dorsey who is generally regarded by historians as a honorably progressive statesmen? What would motivate Golden to make false statements about Hugh Dorsey? What evidence did Dorsey present at the trial that was incriminating toward Leo Frank that Harry Golden fails to mention in his books about the case? Publish your research findings on the Internet for peer review and discussion as part of your research project.
Find Examples of Leonard Dinnerstein Relying on Harry Golden's Research
Although Golden's book is based in part on many cherry-picked facts which is to be expected, he is regrettably a bit infantile in how he crassly lies-by-omission, misrepresents and alters the official legal records and newspaper accounts of the case. The author shamelessly makes countless numbers of conspicuous errors, presenting unverified rumors and complete fabrications as facts. Leonard Dinnerstein who wrote his PhD dissertation about the Leo Frank case relies on some of Harry Golden's questionable research find examples of it. Publish your research findings for peer review and discussion as part of your research project. Dinnerstein's 1966 PhD dissertation was the impetus of his 1968 book, 'The Leo Frank Case', what are some examples of academic or research dishonesty that were persevered in both?
Brief Examples of Conspicuous Frauds and Disingenuous Claims to Get You Started
On page 53, 54, Golden perpetuates a known anti-Semitic hoax that was fabricated by journalist-author Pierre van Paassen (1964) about discovering "bitemarks on Mary Phagan's left shoulder and neck" in 1922. Are there any examples before 1964 of evidence Mary Phagan had bitemarks on her body?
On page 64, Golden writes, "Leo Frank told them Conley could indeed write." -- this is false according to Atlanta police who testified at the Leo Frank trial concerning how they learned Jim was in fact semiliterate. What did the police testify? Is there any evidence Leo Frank was not forthcoming with telling the police he knew Conley could write? When was Leo Frank arrested? When did Leo Frank claim to have given police knowledge Conley could write? What does the trial transcript from the newspapers and Leo Frank trial brief of evidence report?
There are several dozen more examples of academic misconduct like these items listed above found in The Lynching of Leo Frank, 1966
and A Little Girl is Dead, 1965
.... It is now up to you dear reader, to carefully study the primary sources of the case (listed below) and then meticulously verify the veracity of every word, sentence, paragraph, page and chapter that Harry Golden wrote about the Leo Frank Case. Publish your research findings on the Internet for peer review and discussion.
All of the above questions should be part of your research project that you will publish on the Internet.
The UK published version of the book 'A Little Girl is Dead' is called
'The Lynching of Leo Frank by Harry Golden
"A Little Girl is Dead" (1965) by Harry Golden
Origin of the Mary Phagan Bitemark Hoax: 'To Number Our Days' (1964) by Pierre van Paassen
The Leo Frank Case (1966) PhD Dissertation by Leonard Dinnerstein:
The Leo Frank Case Book (published 1968 and thereafter) by Leonard Dinnerstein:
More primary and reliable secondary sources on the Mary Phagan and Leo Frank Case include:
The Leo Frank Case, Inside Story of Georgia's Greatest Murder Mystery, 1913
- The first neutral book written about the subject, anonymously published in 1913. WWW: http://www.archive.org/details/TheLeoFrankCasemaryPhaganInsideStoryOfGeorgiasGreatestMurder
Read this particular item about the Frank-Phagan affair, what facts and evidence does it present that Harry Golden does not mention in his books about the Leo Frank case.
The Murder of Little Mary Phagan by Mary Phagan Kean
(Available here on www.Archive.org). Written by Mary Phagan Kean, the great grand niece of Mary Phagan (1899 - 1913). A neutral account of the events surrounding the trial, appeal, lynching and pardon of Leo Frank. The Murder of Little Mary Phagan is well worth reading and it is a refreshing change from the endless number of Jewish and contemporary books turning the Leo Frank case into a neurotic race obsessed tabloid controversy. Read this particular item about the Frank-Phagan affair, what facts and evidence does it present that Harry Golden does not mention in his books about the Leo Frank case.
Leo M. Frank, Plaintiff in Error, vs. State of Georgia, Defendant in Error. In Error from Fulton Superior Court at the July Term 1913, Brief of Evidence.
Extremely rare, only 1 copy exists, and it is at the Georgia State Archive. The trial brief of evidence was ratified by Leo Frank defense, prosecution and presiding judge Leonard S. Roan. Read this particular item about the Frank-Phagan affair, what facts and evidence does it present that Harry Golden does not mention in his books about the Leo Frank case.
Argument of Hugh M. Dorsey in the Trial of Leo Frank
Some but not all of the 9 hours of arguments given to the Jury at the end of the Leo Frank trial. Only 18 Libraries in the world have original copies of this books, because there have been efforts to destroy and suppress it. This is an excellent book and required reading for student's of the Frank case, to see how Dorsey convinced the panel of 13 men (the trial jury of 12 men plus Judge Leonard Strickland Roan) to convict Leo Frank. Read this particular item about the Frank-Phagan affair, what facts and evidence does it present that Harry Golden does not mention in his books about the Leo Frank case.
American State Trials, volume X (1918) by John Lawson
Tends to be biased in favor of Leo Frank and his legal defense team, this book provides an abridged version of the Brief of Evidence, leaving out some of the important details and things said at the trial brief of evidence when it republishes parts of the trial testimony. Be sure to read the closing arguments of Luther Zeigler Rosser, Reuben Rose Arnold, Frank Arthur Hooper and Hugh Manson Dorsey. This book also highlights Leo Frank's appeals and provides a detailed account of Leo Frank's lynching in 1915. For a more complete version of the Leo M. Frank trial testimony, read the 1913 Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence and three atlanta newspapers (Atlanta Journal, Atlanta Georgian, and Atlanta Constitution) who published the trial testimony July and August, 1913. Read this particular item about the Frank-Phagan affair, what facts and evidence does it present that Harry Golden does not mention in his books about the Leo Frank case.
Three Atlanta Daily Newspapers in 1913: The Atlanta Constitution, The Atlanta Journal, The Atlanta Georgian. The most relevant reports center around events published between: April 28th to August 27th 1913.
Read these particular items about the Frank-Phagan affair, what facts and evidence do they present that Harry Golden does not mention in his books about the Leo Frank case.
Atlanta Constitution Newspaper: The Murder of Mary Phagan, Coroner's Inquest, Grand Jury, Investigation, Trail, Appeals, Shanking and Lynching of Leo Frank Case in the Atlanta Constitution Newspaper from 1913 to 1915.
Atlanta Georgian newspaper covering the Leo Frank Case from April though August, 1913.
Atlanta Journal Newspaper, April, 28, 1913, through till the end of August, 1913, pertaining to the Leo Frank Case.
1914 jailhouse interview of Leo Frank
Leo Frank confirms he might have been in the metalroom's bathroom during the time of the murder, during the minutes Monteen Stover had claimed his office was empty: See the Atlanta Constitution, Monday, March 9, 1914, Leo Frank Jailhouse Interview
. Revisit State Exhibit A and Defendant Exhibit 61 from the Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court records.
U.S. Senator Tom Watson articulates the Leo Frank trial testimony and evidence
Tom Watson's weekly Jeffersonian newspaper (1914, 1915, 1916 and 1917) and Watson's Magazine (1915). Tom Watson's best work on the Mary Phagan case was published in August and September of 1915. Watson's series of five major magazine articles written collectively about the Frank-Phagan affair, provide logical arguments confirming the guilt of Leo M. Frank with the superb reasoning of a genius criminal attorney.
These five remarkable works are absolutely required reading for anyone interested in the Leo M. Frank Case analysis.
: The Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (January 1915) Watson's Magazine Volume 20 No. 3. See page 139 for the Leo Frank Case
. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
: The Full Review of the Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (March 1915) Volume 20. No. 5. See page 235 for 'A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
: The Celebrated Case of The State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank By Tom Watson (August 1915) Volumne 21, No 4. See page 182 for 'The Celebrated Case of the State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank". Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
: The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert By Tom Watson (September 1915) Volume 21. No. 5. See page 251 for 'The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
: The Rich Jews Indict a State! The Whole South Traduced in the Matter of Leo Frank By Tom Watson (October 1915) Volume 21. No. 6. See page 301. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
Tom Watson's Jeffersonian Weekly Newspaper
The archive of Tom E. Watson Digital Papers, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
, contains the full collection of Jeffersonian Newspapers.
For a nearly complete selection of: Tom Watson's Jeffersonian newspaper articles related to the Murder of Mary Phagan and Leo Frank Case
Tom Watson Brown, Grandson of Senator Tom E. Watson
Notes on the Case of Leo M. Frank by Tom W. Brown
, Emery University, Atlanta, Georgia, 1982.
Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court Archive, 1913-1914:
Leo Frank Trial and Appeals Georgia Supreme Court File